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The Bio-Technology of plant breeding
The bio-tech product of plant breeding is using the bio-tech such as, sterile seeding, tissue or cell culturing, somatic cell fusing, gene engineering and anti-virus to nurture and breed to make the plant breeding, tissue and metabolite. In order to implement the result of the research as for the industries, this includes setting the transgenic of animals and plants into action and the development of molecules marking skill, the development of plant tissue culturing, and bio-technology of plant breeding consulting. It is the main stream of the plant breeding industry developing to use the bio-technology culturing is for irrupting and making the new breed with the transgenic skill. Based on the need of market and the developed level of the breed, the products of bio-tech breeding at this stage are mostly Phalaenopsis, Oncidium and slipper orchids. The others are the club for cutting flower and anthurium; among the fruit trees, it is with the biggest scale for the saccharification of bananas; as for the transgenic plant seeding part, there is no product conforming to the legal procedure in order to be available in the market.
The Bio-Technology of fish breeding
The Bio-Technology offish breeding is the emerging bio-technology industry, including breeding technique improving, heredity breeding, breed developing and manufacture skill establishing, and this could help to speed up the international progress. The development of the Bio-Technology offish breeding rely on the key techniques as following: microorganism selecting and manufacturing, gene engineering including transgenic and recombinant DNA, chromosome manipulating, fish active material mass-production and vaccine mass-production. With the effort of the domestic related research and trial organization in several years, we have accumulated abundant research experience. We should put emphasis on strengthening the environment of industry developing and the technical platform constructing, enhancing the communication and integration for research structure of middlemen, jobbers, and wholesalers and the technique transferring of the research result being available in market in order to put the results industrializing into action.
The Bio-Technology of breed livestock, poultry and specific pathogen free animals
Genetic engineering can speed up the breeding step of poultry and livestock, such as transgenic introducing the character of out source gene, and the later generations could bring forth by cell cloning and surrogate mother. That breaks through the traditional generation time and the limit of heredity. The source of specific pathogen free animals is the later generation by caesarian operation of mother bred in sterile status. They are mostly mouse, rabbit and small experimental animals bred in the controlled environment of segregated system. The highly knowledge-intensive industry is closely related to the quality of experiment and product certification.
Animal vaccines are the bio-medicine to prevent certain pathogens, including inactivated/vital cells vaccine, toxoid vaccine, complex and mulfivalent vaccine, subunit vaccine and other vaccines produced by genetic engineering.
There are developing potentials for domestic animal vaccines in oversea animal vaccine market. The development in the future is aiming at combining the capacity and fund of government and academics, and cooperating with university and academics to develop vaccines by genetic engineering in order to develop the domestic vaccines which are indigenous and international competitive.
Functional food、technical herbs and medicine
The research and application of functional food is aiming for high-functional and high-technical segmented. Because the bio-tech is progressing, it is found that many foods can prevent or delay disease. In addition to the need arising of health food, the competitiveness of market is severe. Due to the market of health food is close to saturate, the industries should seek for high-standard technology and patent protection in order to have the chance to make a profit. Therefore, most companies wish to get the patent by investing in the higher level research.
The curative effect of herbs and medicine is accumulated by the reliance and research, and it has been applied for thousands of years. It is natural medicine and mostly from plant, few animal and mineral. The categories are herbal medicines, traditional Chinese medicine pieces, and medicines. It is divided into single drug and compound drug. It is the indisputable fact that the compound drug modernizing. The main step of Chinese herbal medicine modernizing is to test and verify prescription in scientism, such as ingredient of herbal medicines separating, purifying, curative effect evaluating, pharmacodynamics and toxicology analysis. It needs to make sure the safety, effectiveness and stability of quality of medicine by scientism.
Biological fertilizers means using the living creature to be the fertilizer of medicine, such as microorganism and dormant spores, and it is also called the Microbial fertilizer. Its advantaged effect is that it could improve the soil fertility, help the absorbency of plant, strengthen the resistance to disease of plant, and capacity to endure dry and cold. By developing the resource of microorganism and through the evaluation and analysis of practicability, appliance of field, manufacturing and research of prescription of medicine developing, biological fertilizer management law and technology of certification testing, we could look forward to the boom in biological fertilizer industry development.
Biological pesticides mean natural materials, such as animals, plants, micro-organisms and derived products, including "natural pesticide material", "microbial pesticide", "biological and chemical pesticides" and microbial pesticide production of genetic engineering. According to the use of biological pesticides are dividing into bioinsecticide, biofungicide and bioherbicide. Biological pesticides have been used recombinant DNA, cell fusion and immobilization of enzymes/cell, and so on. It will increase the effectiveness of products and lower production costs by transferring the useful gene. Environmental Protection is one of sustainable living development for human .Therefore, it is important to develop biological pesticide products.
The farm of molecules
The farm of molecules is the use of biological field, through genetic engineering methods to generate agricultural /animal husbandry product with additional high economic value for the production of pharmaceutical, industrial applications or recombinant proteins, enzymes or secondary metabolites of health food. Biotech industry is looking for alternative technologies actively now. With the improvement in biotechnology, transgenic animal and plants in agricultural biotechnology field will become a new trend in the future.
Detection of animal and plant pests and diseases
Detection of animal and plant pests and diseases is to collect, process, inspect and analyze the samples of diagnostic testing, including reagents and related drugs, necessary equipment, systems and other related medical equipment and so on. Regardless of medical, animal and plant diseases, drug residue testing and other related aspects, the use of principle is more or less the same. At present, diagnostic reagents related supplies are used mostly on medical and testing research. Due to the efficiency and correct of disease diagnosis are the most critical points, developed a number of testing reagent for drug residue enzyme-linked immunization (ELISA) and rapid chromatography Test (One-step). It plays an important role in plant seedlings and inspection process of livestock, poultry and fish products.